APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
StudentsRebuild is a joint initiative of Architecture for Humanity, the Bezos Family Foundation and Global Nomads Group. Architecture for Humanity is also joined by Curriki and Global Philanthropy Group. Students are invited to start a team and raise funds to build schools in Haiti. Their fundraising will be matched dollar for dollar by the Bezos Family Foundation. A curriculum and videoconferences with students in Haiti will help keep students informed of the reconstruction effort. The challenge is open to students and educators at junior high and high schools worldwide.
StudentsRebuild will support the design and construction of transitional school facilities and/or the repair of damaged school facilities. While the exact number is contingent upon funding, the target is to provide construction drawings for at least ten schools and construct five schools.
Transitional schools phase the rebuilding work and provide working space for teachers and students until full permanent facilities can be repaired and/or rebuilt on site. They act as a catalyst for recovery by:
Creating a safe space for children
Providing access to nutrition and healthcare to mitigate spread of diseases and malnutrition
Employing local labor, often parents, in the construction
Enabling displaced relocated families to rebuild their livelihoods and homes
Serving as a temporary community space and support communication and engagement on critical issues, such as storm evacuation, and planning
Speeding the construction of permanent facilities by providing foundations, permanent footings, structural members and basic water and sanitation services needed to support permanent construction.
The challenge is slated to run for at least two years because reconstruction is a long-term effort and part of the goal of StudentsRebuild is to encourage students to become active, committed philanthropists.
IMPLEMENTATION, TIMELINE, AND DELIVERABLES
In addition to meeting minimum standards established by international agencies and development of best practices (INEE for schools) and the relevant Haitian governing bodies, the following building performance standards will be applied as applicable:
2009 International Building Code
Caribbean Uniform Building Code
SSTD 10-99 Standard for Hurricane Resistant Construction
2007 California Building Codes Title 24 (seismic engineering)
NFPA 101-2000: Life Safety Code
USGBC LEED for Schools
Use of natural and recycled building materials
Off-the-grid and alternative energy solutions
Use of natural lighting and ventilation to ensure indoor air quality
Rainwater harvesting and water management
Use of non-toxic and locally available sustainable materials
Use of local labor and skills development
According to the Rapid Joint Needs Assessment (RJNA) report issued by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Education Cluster in March 2010, January's earthquake in Haiti left more than 92% of Haiti's schools destroyed or damaged, affecting a total of 5,000 schools and impacting the lives of more than 1,000,000 children. Damage assessments show that nearly all of the schools failed due to structural deficiencies that could have been prevented.
Low-cost private schools constitute the majority of schools in Haiti. These schools, due to economic pressures, will likely be first to rebuild. In the wake of the disaster, there is an urgent and pressing need to provide safe and sustainable school building designs and construction oversight of these low-cost private schools.