Based on the plan developed through the water audit and area mapping, United Water will scale a water Kiosk distribution system with local distribution points. The Kiosks limits the distance that women and children have to walk to obtain water, ensures the quality of the water obtained through the Kiosks, as well as creates a foundation for the development and maintenance of a dependable and affordable water distribution system.
United Water has already piloted 26 kiosks which currently provide clean water access to 39,000 families in Port-au-Prince. In addition to helping to eliminate water borne diseases and providing clean water in the areas where the Kiosks are currently located, the Kiosk model has proven successful in limiting corruption, providing for the long-term sustainability of the Kiosks and in developing local employment opportunities.
With an additional $6 million in non-profit investments, the model that already successfully serves a population of 200,000 can be scaled and expanded to provide access to 1 million people in 60 of the poorest areas in Port-au-Prince. Each one of the 200 additional kiosks slated for construction would have the ability to provide water for an estimate of 6,500 people or 1,500 families that live within 500 yards of each kiosk; providing access to water on a neighborhood basis.
Kiosks will be professionally managed by trained local employees paid to operate each one, creating sustainable local jobs. Surplus revenue generated by the Kiosk system will be banked to maintain and expand the Kiosk network and pay sanitation workers to clean Haiti's open sewers. Oversight to ensure transparent operation will be provided by a local water board that is accountable to DINEPA.
Importantly, all profit generated from the revenue-producing kiosks will remain local and be reinvested into the water system and the communities that depend on it.
September 2013: Engage funding partners
September 2014: Construction completed on 50 additional Kiosks - additional funders engaged
September 2015: Construction completed on 50 additional Kiosks - continued fundraising
September 2016: Construction completed on 50 additional Kiosks - continued fundraising as necessary
September 2017: Construction completed on 50 additional Kiosks
September 2018: System fully operational and fully secured by five year commitment of approximately $1.2 million annually or $6 million total to maintain and manage the system. Delivery and operation of 200 additional Kiosks from the 26 operating now.
Approximately 200,000 people would receive access to water annually over the next five years.
Civil society partners could follow the construction of Kiosks with evaluation, monitoring and education resources. Partners would also be essential in developing local support, awareness and engagement for the kiosks.
Haiti has the western hemisphere's worst access to safe drinking water and sanitation. According to water.org, 40% percent of people in Haiti lack access to clean water. Most Haitians currently buy water on the streets by the bucketful or siphon it off illegally; increasing the risk of introducing water borne illnesses such as typhoid and chronic diarrhea, which even before the 2010 earthquake accounted for 16% of deaths of children under the age of five.
WHO and UNICEF surveys show that in Haiti, women and children bear the primary responsibility for collecting water, often from remote distribution points that take many hours to reach. Moreover, the water that is collected is often of questionable quality.
As recently demonstrated by the cholera outbreak in Haiti, access to clean treated water is essential to prevent disease outbreaks. And studies show that the time women and children spend procuring water is time not spent working at an income-generating job, caring for family members, or attending school.
In the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, United Water's parent company Suez Environnement provided funds, water treatment and transmission expertise to rebuild Haiti's water system. In 2011, Suez Environnement entered into a three-year non-profit technical assistance contract with the Haitian National Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DINEPA) funded by the Inter-American Development Bank to contain a cholera outbreak within Port-au-Prince, stabilize the water treatment system and plan for the system's viable future.
With Suez Environnement's technical support, DINEPA now has the ability to transmit clean, treated water throughout Port-au-Prince. However, a robust local water distribution system to distribute water to the very poorest Port-au-Prince areas is still lacking; treated water is not reaching a majority of the population.
An extensive water audit has been conducted and a plan to build a Kiosk distribution system in viable areas exists. The project is 'shovel ready' and more than 1.3 million people live in areas that have been deemed viable for municipal water distribution.
Treated water from the Port-au-Prince municipal water distribution network can be expanded to reach an additional 1 million people in the capitol city of Haiti, providing clean water access to people who need it most, and who are at risk of cholera. Distribution kiosks that are connected to the treatment network cost $25,000 to construct. Over 100 kiosks are still shovel ready.The operation and maintenance of the kiosks will be carried out locally.
The funding model is not ideal for microfinancing or other loan programs but all options should be considered. Ideally, the limited profits made by the water kiosks would provide jobs and also be reinvested in the actual water system to ensure sustainability. Grants from foundations or governmental funding partners are sought for this project.