- Developed frameworks for mapping assets and mobilizing new partnerships for resource generation, including through a series of meetings with senior policy and decision-makers in the US and around the world to map economic tools that can be used in fragile contexts to overcome aid dependency and generate private sector investment;
- Built consensus on frameworks for transparency and accountability, including through the adoption of 'National Accountability Systems (NAS)' by the Fragile States Council of the World Economic Forum. The NAS includes a systemic, holistic approach to public financial management systems that generates synergies and understandings across specific interlinked functions, including the budget, treasury, procurement, accounting, auditing and programming;
- Developed design options for, and facilitated National Programs as coordinated delivery mechanisms in a number of developing contexts including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Sierra Leone, and Guinea Bissau. In Nepal, for example, this involved the analytical work and roll-out of a national community development program that could transfer decision-rights to communities and build social capital from the bottom-upwards through allowing citizens to manage and spend development funding in a transparent manner;
- Supported implementation of the National Solidarity Program (NSP) in Afghanistan, a program that now reaches over 22,000 villages in all 34 provinces, disbursing over $660,000,000 to the Afghan people for small-scale development projects. ISE has worked with a number of donor governments to increase the funding available to NSP by a further $350,000,000. The Institute also supported the design and development of a second generation of NSP that will use the network to build-out green, distributed energy solutions for rural areas across the country.
- Documented the universe of alternative, green-energy financing mechanisms in fragile states, including multilateral, market-based and private tools, and synthesized this learning into manageable form for delivery to governments in these countries.
Key indicators of progress against commitments include:
- Development of national community and renewable energy programs in Afghanistan and Nepal, including analysis on the development of licensing mechanisms; support for the implementation of programming and technologies; and advice to policymakers, private sector and civil society on participation and management mechanisms through new and existing programming;
- Advice and support on the creation or development of new national, community level development programs in several countries to guarantee local ownership, national distribution and effective expenditures;
- Analytic and advocacy work on the importance of National Programs in Washington, DC, including numerous workshops and meetings on the concept with U.S. and developing country policymakers, the production of materials for dissemination, and discussions with key stakeholders. This has secured over $80 million in new funding for the National Solidarity Program (NSP) in Afghanistan.
- Discussions with the Chicago Carbon Trading Exchange and other carbon exchange actors to expore ways the methods and rules usd could be applied to developing countries;
- Work with the Sustainable Technologies, Accelerated Research- Transportable Infrastructure for Development and Emergency Support (STAR-TIDES) network to provide renewable and sustainable energy solutions in Afghan villages and villages around the world, focusing on solar, wind and micro-hydroelectric power sources.
ISE has worked on designing the process for implementation of the commitment, including identification of metrics, partners, methods of design, manufacturing, selection, financing and distribution. ISE has consolidated a village platform to be implemented across 32,000 villages in Afghanistan, initiated a village platform in Nepal and identified 6 other countries for implementation.
In addition, studies were completed on the 'how to' of implementation, drawing on successful cases from elsewhere. The commitment has seen the publication of 'Fixing Failed States,' which details 'how to' of the approach, various op-eds published, and outreach activities globally.
First Milestones Reached:
November 07: Identification of pilot countries;
January 08: Convening of a global group to agree on conventions for accounting and transparency for resource mobilization and expenditure, assets and liabilities;
March 08: Commitment of significant carbon trading and/or foundation resources for 'National Programs' within this accounting framework;
May 08: Launch of 5 new national programs, incorporating new designs for effective low cost technology at scale for micro-hydro and other energy-efficient designs to be implemented at scale in one country.
- ISE secured $65 million in financing for village programming, and an additional $15 million for green financing from Congress.
- ISE has secured partnerships with carbon financing funds and a range of partnerships across financial, development and military spheres.
- ISE has secured a distribution system for 112,000 villages in two countries, with a further 130,000 under development.