APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
Camfed's girl-centered model is distinct within the education sector for its principle of child protection, local governance structures, and long-term commitment to enable girls to complete primary and secondary education. Camfed builds and embeds governance systems within local institutions in poor rural communities to support girls and ensure accountability, transparency, and a continuum of support during their school and post-school years. Alumni become role models, entrepreneurs, and philanthropists for the next generation of girls. The sustainability strategy is grounded in district-level community ownership, which convenes the participation of parents, teachers, Ministry of Education officials, social workers, religious leaders, and young women graduates.
With The MasterCard Foundation support, Camfed will scale up its education programs in Ghana and Malawi over five years. It will expand financial literacy and business training through its alumni network Cama and innovate and experiment with a new, internship program. The internship program will create job training in rural enterprises. It is a paid internship that will expose up to 100 women to select commercial and social enterprises such as household solar energy, alternative cook stoves and cooking fuels and mobile financial services. The interns will have access to financial services to replicate these business models in their communities. As a partner in this scale-up, Google will train 1,000 Cama members on ICT to increase their technical skills and employability. The training will be delivered through ICT centers that will serve as hubs for entrepreneurship and innovation.
Camfed will keep meticulous records on each student. Its monitoring and evaluation approach is unique because of the involvement of local partners in the data gathering and analysis. This interactive and partner-centered approach improves accountability and produces an extremely detailed and rich reflection of the program. It also achieves major cost-efficiencies and a sustainable monitoring and evaluation structure.
IMPLEMENTATION, TIMELINE, AND DELIVERABLES
From July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2015, Camfed will increase the scale and scope of its program in Ghana and Malawi by establishing and building the capacity of district-level committees in eight new districts, reaching 80 new partner schools and providing bursaries to 4,275 girls for the duration of their secondary education in Ghana and Malawi. Overall, the program will provide access to improved quality of education to 66,875 students.
From October 1, 2010 to June 30, 2015, Camfed will deliver a certified Financial Literacy and Business Skills train-the-trainer course to 2,670 Cama members in Ghana and Malawi. Through a cascading training model, they will reach 200,275 individuals. When households are taken into account, the financial education program is expected to benefit over one million people.
From July 1, 2011 to June 30, 2015, Camfed will create new enterprise internships and employment opportunities for up to 100 young women. Interns will be selected from the Cama membership through a competitive and transparent process and will receive mentoring and business support. A portion of the interned young women will be supported by business mentors and linked with a financial service provider as they launch their enterprise. The internships will start in Northern Ghana where the program has the most experience.
From October 1, 2010 to September 30, 2013, Camfed will establish ICT centers in three rural districts in Ghana and train 1,000 Cama members, increasing their technical skills and employability through exposure to ICT.
Adolescent girls and women in rural Africa face enormous barriers to economic empowerment - dismal rates of secondary school completion, limited access to market-relevant skills, and a lack of economic opportunities and jobs. According to UNICEF, only 43 percent of girls in Ghana enroll in secondary school and only 23 percent of girls in Malawi enroll in secondary school. The families of most poor rural girls are unable to afford secondary school education. Lacking the means to attend school, many are left with little option but to drop out. Additional factors that contribute to high dropout and low enrolment rates for girls in secondary school include increases in early marriages and pregnancy, gender-based violence in rural areas, HIV/AIDS and labor demands at the household level. In both countries, particularly in rural areas, there are limited job and training opportunities for young women once they leave school, and many girls become domestics. This commitment creates a continuum of support to enable secondary education completion, post-school financial and business skills training and creation of new growth enterprises in rural areas.
Over the next few decades, the world's largest cohort of youth, 1.5 billion people, will transition into adulthood. The World Bank and others project that over a billion new jobs must be created over the next decade as young people enter the workforce. Eighty-five percent of them live in developing countries and are vulnerable to poverty. The situation is even more dire in rural areas of Africa, particularly for disadvantaged adolescent girls and women.
The MasterCard Foundation, Camfed and Google will scale up Camfed's proven model in Ghana and Malawi, two countries poised for greatest growth. It will strengthen Camfed's Cama alumni network to deliver financial skills to graduates and pilot an innovative internship program with graduates to develop new livelihood options.