MHT conducts activities based on the belief that for poor women and girls, a house is a productive asset; it facilitates the improvement of housing conditions by focusing on basic services (toilets, water and electricity), which consequently uplifts human health, economic productivity and standards of living. MHTs belief is that women-led and community managed sanitation models will be effective in enabling this. Participatory sanitation planning and women-led community institutions create better outcomes in pro-poor service delivery. MHT will facilitate development by effectively mobilizing women and adolescent girls in these communities towards the procurement of sanitation services, alongside a range of other activities. Targeting adolescent girls, a cohort that bears the greatest brunt of poor sanitation and hygiene service, promises intergenerational benefits. MHT will partner with girls to identify and design solutions for their sanitation and hygiene needs, prioritize individual toilets over community toilets and promote sensitivity, not secrecy, towards adolescent girls sanitation and hygiene needs.
Thanks in part to MHTs 18 years of work, Ahmedabad is 80% covered with adequate sanitation, and now has a final sprint to achieving open defecation-free status. MHTs commitment is vital in peri-urban areas, where there is a policy gap as these areas fall between the rural and urban divide. To achieve their Commitment, MHT will leverage government support to construct 2,500 individual toilets with supporting sanitation infrastructure, conduct intensive outreach to eliminate 50 open-defecation areas, apply insights on public versus private toilets with relation to open defecation, and develop methodologies for sanitation behavior change. The model will be adapted for 400 households, model toilets will be built in four schools with gender-specific designs. Capacity-building trainings will target 10,500 schoolchildren, with emphasis on menstrual hygiene. MHT will identify remaining individual households. By appointing adolescent girls as Ambassadors of Sanitation Behavior Change, and working with organizations at a community level, MHT will lead this change through empowered women and girls. MHT will form 57 Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) to implement the new sanitation facilities together with training in behavior change, the model will be replicated in Delhi for 900 households, reaching 3,800 households and helping 19,000 individuals directly. The Commitment will facilitate partnerships between communities and municipal corporations for policy intervention and advocacy to influence the governments Clean Ahmedabad Campaign. MHT will strengthen research capabilities, developing a knowledge hub for evidence generation for program improvement and policy advocacy. It will strengthen its institutional capacity, by building its development team, investing in critical talent, and securing the future sustainability of organization. Prior to replicating its model in Delhi, MHT will demonstrate strategies for effective and sustainable sanitation: using technology for wider communication like mobile survey applications, information dissemination and tracking systems.
Apr/16: Identify of peri-urban areas (20 | 2575)
Apr/16 - Jun/18: Community sensitization Meetings peri-urban areas (10)
May/16 - Jul/16 : Needs assessment 400 households (10%)
May/16 - Aug/16: Baseline survey 40 slums in peri-urban and urban areas (1)
Jun/16 - Jul/18: Video screening peri-urban areas (10)
Jun/16 - Jul/16: Folk media peri-urban areas (10)
Jul/16: Identification of school (30)
Jul/16 - Sep/16: Identification of slums in urban areas (20)
Jul/16 - Dec/16: Needs assessment in urban areas (20)
Jul/16 - Dec/18: Community sensitization Meetings in urban areas (20 | 3000)
Aug/16 - Apr/17: Community base organization formulated peri-urban areas (10)
Aug/16 - Apr/17: Training of CBO members peri-urban areas (220)
Aug/16: Folk media school (30)
Aug/16 - Apr/17: Development of social entrepreneurs of sale of environment friendly sanitation pads (5 | 2000)
Sep/16 - Oct/16: Wall painting in school (30)
Oct/16 - Apr/16: Sanitation behavior change training at school level 30 school (480 days)
Oct/16 - Dec/18: Awareness Generation Activities in urban poor areas 3 in each of 20 urban slums (60)
Nov/16: Training of Vikasinis (20)
Nov/16 - Jun/17: Ward level report card (3)
Nov/16 - Nov/17: Visits to government offices to familiarize community with key stakeholders peri-urban area (220)
Jan/17 - Mar/19: Training of CBO members urban areas (220)
Oct/17 - Jun/19: Training of Vikasinis 3 trainings (30)
Oct/17 - Dec/18: Visits to government offices to familiarize community with key stakeholders urban area (220)
May/19 - Jun/19: Endline Survey for 40 slums in peri-urban and urban areas (1)
Apr/17 - Mar/19: Construction of toilets in urban areas (2000)
Apr/16 - Mar/17: Construction of toilets in peri-urban areas (400)
Apr/16 - Mar/17: School Sanitation program 4 model school toilet (4 model toilet)
Open Defecation Outreach
Jan/17 - Sep/18: Identification of OD spots in urban areas (50)
Jan/17 - Dec/18: Dialogue with community members urban areas (40 | 1200)
Apr/17 - Mar/19: Education campaigns to stop OD 3 in each slum in urban areas (60)
Jul/16 - Jun/17: Recruitment of new hires (2)
Jul/17 - Sep/17: Capacity building course for finance team (10)
Research & Policy Advocacy
Oct/16 - Dec/18 : Case studies and policy briefs (As required)
Jul/17 - Jun/19: Research study for work with AGs (1 research)
Apr/17 - Jun/19: Dissemination activities (Ongoing)
Over 2.5 billion people lack access to adequate sanitation, of which 1 billion practice open defecation (WHO). Lack of adequate sanitation can cause diarrhea and lead to declines in school attendance. UNICEF estimates that in India, 60 million people lack access to toilets and another 5.5 million use community toilets, placing the country second in the world in terms of lacking access to proper sanitation. According to the 2011 Census, in India, over 1,600 people die daily due to diarrheal disease. In Ahmedabad, sources including the City Sanitation Task Force, the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation and MHTs network of adolescent girls, show that approximately 20,000 people do not have access to toilets. Girls tend to miss school an average of 6 days a month because of poor sanitation facilities, and 23% drop out upon reaching puberty, damaging their future earning potential. Proper sanitation remains a challenge for sustainable development in Indian cities. Privacy, security and dignity are threatened when people lack access to effective sanitation. Of all neighborhoods, urban slums are most frequently deprived of basic water and sanitation facilities. They contain community toilets, which are often poorly maintained and quickly fall into disrepair. The Government of India has announced the Clean India Campaign with aim of reaching Sanitation for All by 2020.
Private sector participation in affordable housing is beneficial, according to a KPMG study. Indias urban population grew by 32% from 285 million to 377 million between 2001 and 2013, a continuing trend. The study estimates that by 2050, Indian cities will add 900 million people. The rapid pace of urbanization is due to the rural-urban migration, resulting in a strain on urban infrastructure, and a housing shortage for about 23 million households, of which 95% of the projected deficit is predicted in economically weaker areas, affecting lower income groups.
To fulfill its CGI commitment, MHT requires a total funding of $1,167,164 over the course of three years of implementation. MHT has been successful in securing a sizeable amount, and will need to raise the remainder $270,149. To continue creating high impact with its WASH work, MHT is seeking partners, both program and financial, in partnership with whom it can further improve sanitation quality and carry out hygiene initiatives in its communities. MHT currently operates in seven states across India and recently started operations in Nepal and Bangladesh. MHT seeks long-term financial partners to help reach more areas in India and eventually take its WASH model to other regions. Additionally, MHT seeks impact research support to streamline its numbers and media support to tell the right stories of success and progress in order to reach potential program and funding partners globally.
MHT has served over 800,000 individuals in 900 slums across 20 cities. Through the formation of 745 community-based organizations with 13,000 members, MHT has reconstructed 5,100 houses, enabled access to electricity for 158,000 homes, installed 45,000 toilets, and enabled 42,000 homes with potable water. MHT has helped 5,000 women with property registration and ensuring land titles/tenure rights, administered 3,746 loans, and trained 9,000 women construction workers. MHT offers its support to members by sharing knowledge on mobilizing women and adolescent girls as agents of change in their communities. MHT offers its manual on relationship building and leveraging government resources, can share accounts of sanitation tools and their effectiveness amongst its communities, can support development of financial solutions such as microfinance to market technology. Currently, MHT is working on a manual on replicating, transferring and scaling its approach to sanitation problems as well as achieving and maintaining open defecation-free statuses in cities.