APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
Feet on the Ground - Local Expertise and Relationships
World Vision's indigenous and international staff in 10 African countries has established long-term relationships with government officials and traditional leaders and is able to effectively implement safe water solutions at the community and household levels.
Game-changing Innovation through WASH
Water catchment, borehole wells, and household water treatment are just three areas in which World Vision is not only implementing proven WASH solutions in the most needy and difficult contexts on the planet, but also scaling up new technologies. World Vision is testing innovative water solutions developed 'on the periphery' by its inventive field staff and indigenous partners on the one hand, and by leading-edge universities and R&D units of profit-making corporations on the other. For example, to keep water safe, World Vision is committed to developing a more cost-effective and environmentally sound alternative for the latrine.
Innovations include the dry composting toilet in conjunction with community compost banks, or the Gobar or Sintex biogas pour-flush systems that produce gas for cooking and lighting as an added benefit. World Vision is also investigating new technologies related to point-of-use water treatment or filtration, such as forward osmosis, electro-chlorinators, UVX systems, and various filters including the MIT bio-sand, Sawyer and Kosim filter designs. Finally, World Vision is investigating lower-cost and longer-lasting easy-maintenance water pump designs, such as the Water4 PVC Tee-pump or the Nicaraguan Rope Pump.
Linking Gender and WASH in World Vision programs
World Vision's WASH focus is to provide access to safe water, adequate sanitation, and hygiene education to the most vulnerable. In order to maximize impact, sustainable water management, advocacy, and capacity building at the community level play an essential role in ensuring long term sustainability. These efforts improve conditions for women and girls in Africa as a whole, and represent an international prevention effort to lessen the impact of future crises similar to that unfolding in the Horn.
WASH interventions not only improve child and maternal health and nutrition status, but also enhance family livelihoods, household savings, school attendance and the ability to learn (especially among girls). Gender equality, food security, and even environmental sustainability are enhanced. Families are strengthened, leading to stronger, better-connected communities, societies, and countries.
Women are involved in the essentials of WASH programming, including:
- Planning, design, monitoring and evaluation of water and sanitation projects.
- Gender equity in management and maintenance of community drinking water and irrigation systems.
- Placement of water points for convenience of use for women and girls, saving time for women's other tasks and allowing girls to attend school
- Control of water resources so that women are not deprived and quality is maintained for health
- Hygiene education for disease prevention
- Placement of gender-separated community latrines to allow women to access them without fear of violence
- Providing appropriate toileting and hand-washing facilities at school; especially important for retaining girls in secondary school
- Ownership and control of land and water resources. Family health often depends on women's subsistence agriculture and fishing
IMPLEMENTATION, TIMELINE, AND DELIVERABLES
Through this commitment, World Vision will provide safe water, improved sanitation, and basic hygiene education for at least 6.6 million people by 2016 - the majority of which are women and children under the age of five. The outcomes of access to safe water and improved sanitation and hygiene are improved health, nutrition, food security, income, education and equity, especially for women and girls.
This six-year commitment will focus on 210 World Vision area development programs in 10 African countries. This estimated investment of more than $200 million funded by private donations, including major donors, child sponsorship, private and public grants, and local funding, will result in:
- More than 65 percent of children and families living in targeted World Vision-sponsored communities will receive access to clean water, compared to an estimated 42 percent who have access today. Additional deliverables will include:
- Increased availability of clean water to 15 liters per person per day within a 30-minute round-trip walk from their home.
- Access to sanitation facilities from 35 percent to 50 percent.
- Access to hygiene education from 10 percent to 50 percent.
WASH Output Timeline and Projections for Africa
Year 1 - 1,000 wells (deep, shallow, refurbished), 300 alternate water systems, 20,000 sanitation/latrine (WV built/facilitated), 10,000 sanitation/latrines (community built), 25,000 WASH training and ADP programs.
Year 2 - 1,500 wells (deep, shallow, refurbished), 500 alternate water systems, 30,000 sanitation/latrine (WV built/facilitated), 30,000 sanitation/latrines (community built), 30,000 WASH training and ADP programs.
Year 3 - 1,600 wells (deep, shallow, refurbished), 700 alternate water systems, 40,000 sanitation/latrine (WV built/facilitated), 60,000 sanitation/latrines (community built), 35,000 WASH training and ADP programs.
Year 4 - 1,700 wells (deep, shallow, refurbished), 900 alternate water systems, 40,000 sanitation/latrine (WV built/facilitated), 90,000 sanitation/latrines (community built), 40,000 WASH training and ADP programs.
Year 5 - 1,600 wells (deep, shallow, refurbished), 800 alternate water systems, 40,000 sanitation/latrine (WV built/facilitated), 120,000 sanitation/latrines (community built), 45,000 WASH training and ADP programs.
Year 6 - 1,600 wells (deep, shallow, refurbished), 800 alternate water systems, 40,000 sanitation/latrine (WV built/facilitated), 150,000 sanitation/latrines (community built), 45,000 WASH training and ADP programs.
After 6 years:
Wells (deep, shallow, refurbished)
Alternate Water Systems
Sanitation/Latrines (WV built/facilitated)
Sanitation/Latrines (community built)
WASH Training and ADP Programs