Purpose 1: Communities in Sud Kivu, Maniema, Haut Katanga, and Tanganyika provinces participate in the IRC's community-driven reconstruction (CDR) model to drive their own development using the principles of good governance (including transparency, accountability, participation, responsiveness, and inclusion). These activities will reach additional communities not already served by the initial phase of the Tuungane project.
Activities 1: Ongoing September 2010 - September 2014
--Village Development Committees (VDCs) and Community Development Committees (CDCs), composed of local residents, are elected.
--VDC and CDC members receive in-depth training on good governance principles, including the inclusion of women and vulnerable community members.
--VDCs and CDCs work with their communities to identify needs and prioritize interventions.
--VDCs and CDCs plan development projects.
--VDCs and CDCs procure, implement, fund, and manage budgets for projects.
--VDCs and CDCs monitor project progress and completion with community feedback.
Purpose 2: Communities in Nord Kivu are actively engaged in relief and development activities. These activities will expand the reach of the Tuungane project to Nord Kivu, reaching new communities.
Activities 2: Ongoing July 2010 - September 2014
--Communities participate in identifying and addressing development priorities through the VDC/CDC model described above. Because of instability in Nord Kivu, these priorities will likely be short-term services, livelihoods, or income-generation interventions.
--Using the project planning and implementation model above, communities improve social and/or economic infrastructure and/or provide social services and income generating opportunities.
Purpose 3: Local levels of government support community development effectively and in a transparent and accountable way. These new activities build on development projects initiated in the first phase of the Tuungane project, increasing sustainability and government buy-in.
Activities 3: Ongoing July 2010 - September 2014
--The IRC's Tuungane project provides discussions and trainings on good governance and the CDR model (outlined above) for local-level government and civil servants.
--The project strengthens ties between communities, civil society organizations, and local governance structures.
--The project monitors leaders and provides recognition and mentoring for good leaders.
--The project increases the capacity of local government to manage revenue according to good governance principles.
--The project works with local levels of government to develop planning methods that include consultations with the community about development needs and priorities.
Purpose 4: Lessons learned from Tuungane influence decentralization policy and practice in DRC.
Activities 4: Ongoing January 2010 - December 2014
--Tuungane engages the Ministry of Decentralization and relevant provincial governments by inviting representatives to participate in a project Steering Committee and provide input on strategy and design. In this way Tuungane will generate best practices for the government of DRC and serve as a pilot for the national decentralization process.
Populations in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are disempowered, marginalized, and impoverished by internal conflicts, kleptocracy, and the absence of viable local levels of government and related services, and infrastructure.
Three years after holding its first democratic national elections, DRC has yet to live up to its constitutional promises. The 2008 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks DRC 171st out of 180 countries, with citizen optimism falling since the election. The nation is on the verge of holding local elections that will reinvigorate the most basic unit of political architecture for the national decentralization process, the Entit? T?rritoriale de D?centralisation. Voter registration is underway and the Independent Electoral Commission plans to complete this process nationwide by September 30, 2009, in time for June 2010 local elections and national elections in 2011.
The next 5 years will be pivotal in shaping the future of this nascent democracy's local governance. This context presents great potential for social, economic, political, and physical renewal--potential that can be realized if good local governance, with support from Kinshasa, takes root to stabilize and enrich the population of eastern DRC.
The IRC is already implementing Tuungane, an innovative community driven reconstruction (CDR) project, in several provinces in DRC. Community driven reconstruction is a development model that empowers communities recovering from conflict to be decision-makers and active participants in their own reconstruction. Under this model, humanitarian agencies like the IRC help local communities elect representative committees who work with the community as a whole to identify and prioritize development needs. Committees receive training and supervision on project design, implementation, and management (including financial management), and are provided with block grants (up to ,000 for small village development committees and up to ,000 for larger community development committees) to carry out development projects such as the construction of bridges, schools, or water systems. Projects are monitored closely by the committee and the community as a whole.
The initial phase of the Tuungane project has been extremely successful, resulting in the development of inclusive, transparent local governance structures and the implementation of more than 900 development projects, including roads, schools, health centers, and water/sanitation systems. This new commitment builds on the success of our previous commitment by: (1) expanding the number of communities receiving CDR programming in the area covered by the initial phase of Tuungane; (2) providing CDR programs for communities in Nord Kivu province; (3) fostering support for community development at the local government level; and (4) using lessons learned through this project to inform decentralization policy and practice in DRC.