APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
The commitment involves the following activities carried out for ten women and their children over a three year period:
- Situational analysis with respect to the individual cases, facilities available and needs (shelter, education, livelihood opportunities)
- Providing a safe shelter for the women and their children
- Linking individuals to interim alternative livelihoods, demonstrating to participants their ability to earn income outside the red light districts, while working long-term to provide safe, sustainable, and empowered livelihood through individual or group enterprise
- Mentoring and counseling support and follow up with Apne Aap staff, volunteer professionals, and peer-mentors. Counseling will focus on psychosocial trauma, health-seeking behavior, and personal and professional development
- Membership in Self-Empowerment Groups, an initial road to empowerment. Groups of ten women from at-risk or affected communities work together for their own empowerment via intensive participation in learning, livelihood and legal empowerment interventions.
- Training in functional literacy and vocational skills
- Supporting development of a business plan for individual/group enterprise leading to self-sustainability. This includes seed money for initiating a business, product development, and marketing.
- Case tracking (a longitudinal study) to understand the socio-economic and systemic issues influencing/deterring meaningful progress
- Documenting the intended and unintended outcomes
- Developing an executable model that can be shared and implemented worldwide
Additionally, members of this case study will have access to all of Apne Aap's programs. By joining an Apne Aap program each member will gain ten assets to help transform her life: access to a safe space, membership in a Self-Empowerment Group, education for herself and her children, the ability to share stories and discuss her trauma, the ability to speak about her rights publicly and to authorities, political consciousness, vocational training, a bank account, increased legal knowledge, and enrollment in poverty alleviating government programs.
IMPLEMENTATION, TIMELINE, AND DELIVERABLES
The project will take place over three years in the following activity areas:
-Planning Phase, October - November 2011: Identification of case studies, preparation of baseline information for each case, preparation and finalization of ethical review and administrative formalities.
-Program Phase, December 2011 - July 2013: Linkage with safe shelters, livelihood options, education, Self-Empowerment Groups, gender and leadership training, skills training, survivor conference, mental and social mentoring sessions.
-Research and Documentation, October 2011 - ongoing: Preparation of case studies and development of research tools, evaluation and documentation indicators, quarterly review progress mapping; Sept 2013: Consolidation of learnings.
Outcomes for the project will include:
- 10 successful cases of demonstrated leadership and self-empowerment over a span of 2 years
- Well documented evidence of the underlying factors in the lives of women in prostitution, highlighting issues for legal advocacy
- Confidence and changed self-perception
- Ability to read, write, and defend personal rights
- 10 successful spokespersons to address issues of trafficking
- Raise collective voices to fight systemic process of trafficking
There are more slaves in the world today than at any time in recorded history. Human trafficking is a $32 billion industry (ILO, 2005) enslaving anywhere from 12 to 32 million people around the world (ILO, Siddharth Kara). The number of victims is only increasing with environmental change forcing migration, global economic instability, and the rise of the internet and web tools helping traffickers operate with impunity.
According to the Indian Ministry of Women and Child Development, there are three million commercial sex workers in India, of which an estimated 40 percent are children - indicating that the majority of women in the country's expanding sex industry were likely trafficked into prostitution as children. In 2010, the Word Economic Forum ranked India at 112 out of 134 countries on their Gender Gap Index. The dramatically low status of women combined with caste discrimination and rampant income inequality mean that women trafficked into prostitution have little to no recourse to escape and rebuild their lives.
Rose Collar and Apne Aap believe that the solution to ending sex trafficking will come from within the affected communities. By providing women in prostitution with access to equal opportunities for economic and social empowerment, they will save themselves from prostitution and collectively fight to dismantle the entrenched systems of exploitation.