APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
The Pathways Project is an effort organized jointly among the leadership of a variety of Berkeley groups (including Berkeley College of Engineering, the Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society (CITRIS), the Energy and Resources Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Labs, the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy, and the Intellectual Property & Industry Research Alliances) as well as Pathways Partners in Europe and Asia.
The general approach of the project will be to use concrete projects being undertaken currently at Berkeley and other places as the seed beds for (1) building, evaluating, and disseminating general models and best practices; (2) creating networks to connect complementary efforts; (3) and initiating forums to encourage conversation around models and practices. An example of this approach is the Berkeley-Tsinghua project. This effort springs from a specific project undertaken under Pathways Project auspices - a new collaborative effort between Berkeley and Tsinghua University that developes technologies for building efficiency. This effort provides opportunity to create two concrete examples of 'connective tissue' - first, it represents a new forum for connecting disparate conversations on building efficiency, and second, it provides an opportunity to create, test, and evaluate a new IP sharing model.
The Pathways Project as a whole will provide an umbrella under which to scale and connect - using meetings, web-based forums, and other connective tools - multiple such concrete projects and associated conversations. This connective effort will allow the distillation and communication of generalizable findings. Below, in greater detail, are the four general areas in which projects will be solicited, supported, and connected:
New Models for IP Sharing: The Pathways Project will build up models for IP sharing in the context of concrete projects. U.C. Berkeley and Tsinghua University have agreed to create a partnership for joint development of technology for building efficiency. This partnership aims not only to make concrete contributions to carbon reduction in the form of innovative technologies, but to create and test a model for international research collaboration that serves as a concrete starting point for conversations about how to solve the overarching problem of creating and sharing IP. The Pathways Project intends to offer a generally useable IP and business strategy prototype.
Developer Discussions: The Pathways Project will establish a forum for connecting researchers and engineers in the field of building efficiency with a group of developers - potential users for their innovations. The goal of this forum is therefore to create a space for conversation that will allow developers to comment on the real-world potential of emerging technologies, exploring the viability and path to commercialization of real innovations under development and beginning to 'roadmap' the real world potential of various developments. The Pathways Project intends these discussions to create a target for technology and standards development.
Roadmapping Innovation: The Pathways Project will initiate a 'rich' roadmapping effort incorporating technology, industry, finance, and policy expertise, reflecting conditions in multiple critical actors such as the U.S., China, and Europe. This effort will create roadmaps to chart not only the developmental pathways and timelines of critical technologies, but also the points at which policy and business model choices affect these variables.
The Roadmapping Project is currently an endeavor of the Dean of the College of Engineering, who has committed to working with partners domestically and internationally to create the energy industry equivalent of the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (Semiconductor Industry Association), the roadmap that has guided the remarkably steady advancement in the performance of integrated circuits. The Pathways Project would, at its most ambitious, create one or several equivalents of the SIA Semiconductor Roadmap.
Uniting Efforts in Green Growth: The Project will establish a Forum to unite conversations about building green economies. We have already begun linking discussions occurring in Asia (China and Korea), Europe (Denmark, Brussels, and elsewhere), and the U.S. (at U.C. Berkeley and other institutions as well as private partners). The goal is to create an ongoing conversation between these efforts supported by a dedicated website. The Pathways Project intends by the end of the first year to have established an annual series of events in Europe, Asia, and the United States.
IMPLEMENTATION, TIMELINE, AND DELIVERABLES
[IP Models] Work with Tsinghua University, university lawyers, and outside lawyers to create and propose a general model for IP sharing; initiate a shared research project between Berkeley and Tsinghua University in the building efficiency area that could be used as a testing ground for novel models.
[Developers Forum] Assemble a group consisting of building developers, companies, and researchers in the U.S., China, and Denmark (with additional input as appropriate) to provide a forum for discussions between developers and researchers/engineers; initiate discussions.
[Roadmapping] Build a general process for technology roadmapping along the lines of the Semiconductor Industry Association technology roadmap. This process should be interactive with researchers and companies/business users, as well as incorporating multiple levels of information, ranging from technological possibilities to business and policy model possibilities.
[Roadmapping] Hold significant roadmapping innovation meeting.
[Uniting Efforts for Green Growth] Create and integrate a diverse global discussion around green growth pathways. In Year 1, establish the infrastructure necessary to support this integration (such as web tools).
Initiate roadmapping efforts in green electronics and building efficiency (initial areas of focus).
[General]Create plans for an integrated website supporting developing forums and connective efforts; begin execution.
[General] Create annual report summarizing programs initiated and evaluating initial results.
[IP Models] Use a concrete collaborative technology development project between Berkeley and Tsinghua University in the area of building efficiency as a testing ground for IP models developed in Year 1. Evaluate efficacy.
[Developer Discussions] Extract and publicize lessons from discussion for international conversations (see deliverable (4) below).
[Roadmapping] Apply general process to specific areas such as green electronics and building efficiencies, to produce first set of roadmaps.
[Uniting Efforts for Green Growth] Establish a program of international meetings and collaboration with partner organizations such as World Climate Solutions (Denmark) and others.
[General] Expand programs to additional areas of development: additional IP-sharing model projects, new roadmapping sectors, etc.
[General] Create annual report summarizing expansion in program and additional programs scaled.
[General] Continue expanding programs to additional areas of development
[General] Create annual report summarizing expansion in program and additional programs scaled.
Deliverables will be at two levels. Overall, the deliverable for the project as a whole will be a set of working forums that will provide a space to connect efforts by climate change leaders within and outside the CGI umbrella and knowledge resources to allow them to evaluate plausible technology and policy options.
Under this umbrella, project-specific deliverables include: (1) Fully realized cooperative research effort between U.C. Berkeley and Partner Universities (Note: we expect the first two to be Tsinghua University and Copenhagen University; arrangements are still in process), including functional IP-sharing models. (2) An evaluation and initiation of a high-level conversation around what we can learn from this example and other potential models. (3) A working group on emerging building efficiency technologies and their potential, described above, with ongoing reporting on the findings from this working group and its implications for the viability of various developmental directions. (4) Emerging from this working group, a set of critical elements for building efficiency business models that we can propose for broader international discussion, as well as a set of market-based targets for international research and engineering innovation in this area (these results will also assist roadmapping efforts). (5) Creation of an engaged, systematic, ongoing annual roadmapping effort, with a set of 'pilot' roadmaps emerging from the Pathways roadmapping exercise. (6) An existing web-based forum tool for hosting and connecting various conversations. (7) Overall, structure put in place to annualize these programs around a regular set of jointly developed themes, and support scale-up of efforts and broadening of programs.
The challenge is turning the current high-carbon, low-efficiency global energy system into a low-carbon, high-efficiency system. Such a transformation will require coordination across the fields of technological innovation, business and finance, and policy. This translates into a variety of interconnected problems that are most effectively addressed together:
Models for sharing technology development between advanced and emerging countries are not adequate. (2) Ongoing tools and forums for roadmapping possible pathways to a clean energy system are lacking. (3) The debate about green growth is misformulated - overly concentrated on carbon pricing and not equipped to deal with issues like identifying new areas of transformative growth. (4) A program to systematically integrate the discussions in Europe, the U.S. and Asia amongst NGOs and universities is required to help identify priorities, commonalities of interests, and levers to move the energy system on to low carbon tracks. Traditional multilateral approaches have failed and new mechanisms must be developed.
This Project aims to develop the tools and forums necessary to solve these problems; without such solutions there is no way to ensure rapid development, promote most-efficient solutions, remove developmental obstacles, and avoid policy or infrastructure lock-in traps. Building on ongoing efforts at roadmapping and forum creation at Berkeley, this commitment will add novel collaboration with selected partners throughout a variety of key nations.
The Patways Project continues to seek new partners, especially those that might be able to assist or add input in their roadmapping efforts. In the private sector, developing partnerships with real estate developers and utilities would be especially useful in this regard.
SEEKING: Financial Resources, Implementing Partners, Media/Marketing Opportunities
The Pathways Project has the financial and organizational capacity now to launch its initial work, which will include initiating pilot efforts and defining their tasks and objectives. The precise partnership needs and opportunities will emerge as these goals are clarified. In the near term we are seeking implementation partners to participate in early Pathways efforts - as drivers of conversation on issues like 'real-world' technology roadmapping, new models for collaboration and IP-sharing, and ways to find and connect complementary developmental efforts - as well as partners capable of contributing on-going funding.
OFFERING: Implementing Partners, Best Practice Information
Precise partnership opportunities will continuously emerge over the span of the Commitment, as goals are clarified (initially) and programs expanded (subsequently). In the near term we are seeking implementation partners to participate in early Pathways efforts -- as drivers of conversation on issues like 'real-world' technology roadmapping, new models for collaboration and IP-sharing, and ways to find and connect complementary developmental efforts. We seek partners that would benefit from pioneering forums and conversations, or connecting existing mitigation efforts, in areas such as green growth, IP sharing models, &technology roadmapping.