The models to be implemented on the field comprise of seven vital components all of which serve to empower the rural communities and provide them with the essential tools to continue to sustainable develop themselves. The main elements are:
1- Social and Institutional Capacity-Building: Includes implementation of educational programs, designed by the Mother Child Education Foundation, to 'strengthen social and institutional capacity', conducting awareness building activities to encourage grassroots organizations and launch socio-cultural activities to contribute to capacity building. In all these, a gender sensitive approach will be adopted and women, children and youth will have priority. (January 2009-December 2013)
2- Economic Capacity-Building: Efforts will be made to provide the necessary infrastructure for market oriented production. Marketing channels for specific products will be investigated and support (quality inputs, informed use of inputs, soil analyses) provided. Main activities will include animal husbandry, crop farming, rural handicrafts, rural tourism, fishing, beekeeping and organic farming. The issues of self-sufficiency and how to keep young generations interested in farming/rural activities will also be tackled. (January 2009-December 2013)
3- Rural Development Fund: A 'Rural Development Fund' will be created. This fund will be financed by the Foundation's own resources and the contributions from local people. The fund will serve two purposes: (a) supporting locals in bringing their business ideas to life and/or in improving already active enterprises (b) meeting some basic communal needs of villages. (January 2010-December 2013)
4- Sustainable Use of Natural Resources: Training related to the sustainable use of natural resources will be delivered. Trainings and awareness-building activities will be complemented by rangeland improvement, improvement of water/sanitation, utilization of solar energy, bio-treatment and biogas production etc. (January 2009-December 2013)
MEASURES OF SUCCESS
- Increase in income / Number of people expected to obtain increased access to sustainable incomes through self-employment or jobs: 1,600
- Empowerment of Women / Number of girls and women expected to be supported through income generation, skill building, and/or empowerment initiatives: 1,600
- Number of children expected to gain access to education (formal or non-formal school programs) or improved quality of education: 3,600
- Women literacy: 400
- Number of people expected to have increased access to health services or improved quality of health services: 5,200
- Number of expected to increase access to safe drinking water and sanitation: 4,000
- Number of farmers or small-scale producers expected to gain access to inputs, supports and markets to improve agricultural productivity and farm income: 1,000
Approximately 8,000 people are expected to be positively affected as a result of The HMOF Rural Development Program. Of these people, about 4,000 are expected to be women (50% of the population) and approximately 2,400 will be children (30% of the population). The program will be implemented in four village clusters (total 30 villages) in two provinces of Turkey.
The Husnu M. Ozyegin Foundation, an organization that has long been committed to the 'educational aspect' of poverty alleviation, is now committed to tackling the issue of rural development and poverty alleviation through a more integrated approach and to bring its 15+ year experience and resources into this area in Turkey. HMOF will seek to improve rural livelihoods through strengthening social and institutional capacity (human resources development), enhancing economic capacities (income generating activities), establishing a rural development fund, promoting the sustainable use of natural resources, ensuring the efficient use of public and non-public resources, promoting partnerships and cooperation among different sectors and stakeholders in the society.
Women will be empowered through such education programs as literacy, parental training and guidance, reproductive health, pregnancy, household economics, women's rights, specifically designed for them. Children will benefit from pre-school education as well as increased access to better quality education and educational facilities. Such sociocultural activities as film-screenings and facilities as 'reading rooms' will bring livelihood to rural areas. New economic opportunities will be introduced through the rural development fund mechanism, technical training programs on agriculture, animal husbandry and alternative rural sectors which will improve pre-existing skills and also provide new ones, improved irrigation systems. Solar energy, biogas and bio-treatment facilities will be built for a better and more environmentally conscious life. Promotion of grassroots organizations will allow these rural communities to take ownership of their own potential as well as their problems: cooperatives will be encouraged, Catchment Development Committees will be established to be the 'voice of local communities'.