The commitment would enable the creation of a new entity that would draw on the past experiences and linkages of TIDE. This would deliver the global agenda of reducing GHG emission reduction sustainably and profitably, and meet the local need of lower fuel costs, higher productivity, cleaner air quality etc. In order to satisfactorily deliver the commitment, the following actions would be taken:
- A study that captures user need assessment and a district level survey of the target audience for the improved stoves.
- Development or adaptation of fuel efficient equipment acceptable to the artisan including a phase of participatory technology development.
- Data collection to document the baseline and an assessment of likely impact of the intervention.
- Creation of local infrastructure and networks for production and delivery of the stoves.
- Evolving stable linkages with micro finance institutions, industry associations, opinion leaders and all such activities for marketing and branding of the fuel efficient products.
- Awareness creation and market development.
- All actions for accessing carbon finance.
- Monitoring & evaluation, reporting, documentation.
Estimates suggest that India is the third highest emitter of gross GHG emissions, although the per capita emission is low. The scope to reduce emissions through energy efficient interventions especially in small businesses is very high. In south India alone about 8 million people work in small businesses where biomass is the primary source of thermal energy. Inefficient use of fuel causes pollution, deforestation and uncomfortable and dangerous working conditions when the equipment is badly designed. There is an overwhelming economic and environmental need for energy efficient interventions especially as there is no past history of the sector accepting energy use reform.
The issues involved in enabling this sector to make the transition to a more efficient energy use regimen are varied - from product design, awareness creation, market development, financial linkages, local level capacity building etc. A typical street food vendor would use about 100 kgs of firewood per day. The process of initiation of energy use reform is therefore very challenging, and this fact is not very well appreciated by those who do not have an intimate knowledge of the operations in the sector. These small businesses are often difficult to reach out to and resistance to change is high. These artisans also typically do not access institutional finance, but rely on money lenders for their needs at often unfavorable terms. There is also no infrastructure in place for making fuel efficient products available in large numbers to the sector.
The rewards of a successful intervention however are immense. The number of lives impacted, the arrested deforestation, the reduced exposure to heat and emissions, the potential for higher profits through the intervention, the awareness created, all would have long lasting impacts. More importantly, the commitment would demonstrate that it is worthwhile making the investment in a change process.
TIDE is seeking organizations who would financially partner in this effort. In order to achieve the objective of attaining scale in its dissemination activities, the Council of Management of TIDE would register a tax paying trust to whom it would exclusively license its Intellectual property. The trust would seek a joint venture with a V.C. for the dissemination activities. The objectives of the J.V. would be sustainable development, GHG emission reduction besides making profits. The profits made by the trust would be donated to TIDE to further the objectives of the non profit.
TIDE seeks support of CGI to reach out to potential partners who could be investors, partners or donors.