Enel Green Power (EGP), in partnership with Barefoot College, commits to expands its existing collaboration in Latin America to Africa, supporting: the construction of a Barefoot College Training Center in Tanzania where 40 women per year will be trained and five additional Masai women within the existing Barefoot College Program will br trained on maintaining and operating households solar panels and solar lamps in Kenya. EGP will fund solar kits (PV panels and solar lanterns) and support the implementation of the project by importing material, following the installation, and monitoring the execution. The training program in Tanzania will result in the electrification of 750 households in two years through the installation of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels.
The second component of EGPs commitment is to support the Peruvian community of San Juan de Marcona by implementing an off-grid renewable energy solution. This is greatly needed as lack of reliable energy in San Juan de Marcona has been a barrier to economic growth. This community lives on traditional fishing but, due to the unreliability of electricity supply, it can only gather algae and seashells on the shore and sell them adding no value, i.e. without cutting, processing or packing processes. Elis NGO has been participating in this project by conducting the socio-economic analysis that shows that unreliable electricity supply is the cause of the impossibility for the community to add value to fishing.
The EGP project aims at redesigning the fishing value chain by introducing algae drying, cutting, and packing techniques. Moreover product diversification will be ensured by installing an algae and urchin cultivation facility (hatchery). This hatchery will also include a tool to make sea water potable by using a reverse osmosis process.
Both the cutting machine and the hatchery need electricity in order to function and EGP will provide a dedicated off-grid hybrid electricity supply system that will generate over 70% of its electricity by renewables. The system is defined hybrid because it will combine solar and wind generators; it will also include a storage system and a back up diesel generator.
Concerning the dried and cut algae, the community will continue supply the current clients with an added value product, and the community will also be able to satisfy new demand, already observed, from other countries. In regards to hatchery production, the algae are produced mainly for repopulating the ecosystem, assuring the production also in case of strong climate change events. They will also allow the production of urchins, which have a regional restaurants demand as well as industrial one.
Additionally, five experienced Peruvian Barefoot solar engineers will work on the hybrid system for the cultivation facility and they will train 5 more local women to install solar panels. The panels will be installed on about 10 households in the near off grid community Justo Pastor and on 16 onshore small constructions used by the fishermen to store their equipment at night.
EGP will design and build the hybrid system. EGP will also finance the project and the hybrid system, with the contribution of Global Sustainable Energy Partnership, a non-profit organization whose members are leading international electricity companies.
Related to the Job Training and Clean Energy Access in Africa and Peru, the action plan includes financial support for the construction of the Tanzania Training Center for Barefoot Solar engineers, while 5 Masai women are trained now in barefoot College India. When back, EGP will fund 750 solar kits (PV panel and solar lanterns) they will use to solar electrify their village.
Moreover it includes the hatchery in San Juan de Marcona, and the hybrid system supplying electricity to the hatchery, as well as the cutting machine already installed. It also covers all the training activities, to manage the hatchery, the cutting machine and the hybrid system as well as for algae processing and packaging.
The time project will be as follows:
Training of five Barefoot Solar Engineers (Kenya): by September 2015
Safe diving training (Peru): delivered
Cutting machine for algae processing (Peru): installed
Support to Tanzania Training Center: by end of 2016
Hatchery installation (Peru): by second quarter 2016
Hybrid system installation (Peru): by second quarter 2016
Training for managing the hatchery (Peru): by second quarter 2017
Training for maintenance activities of the hybrid system (Peru): by second quarter 2017
Enel Green Power SpA (EGP) is a major global operator in the field of energy generation from renewable sources, with an annual production of 32 TW/h, mainly from water, sun, wind and the earths heat, meeting the energy consumption of over 11 million families and avoiding 17 million tonnes of CO2 emissions per year.
Barefoot College is a NGO that has been providing basic solutions to problems in rural communities for more than 40 years. The Barefoot solutions can be broadly categorized in the delivery of solar electrification, clean water, education, livelihood development and activism.
EGP and Barefoot College have been collaborating in 9 countries of Central and Latin America since 2012. Through this partnership, 39 women were trained and 19,000 families will have electricity provided by clean and sustainable energy.
EGP has the policy of creating value for the communities in which it operates, on the basis of the analysis of the most urgent local needs. Given the strategic importance of reliable and clean energy for economic development, EGP has selected one region in Peru and one in Kenya where the global issue of access to electricity could be addressed with socio-technical solutions. In fact, in the two areas identified, the analysis of the local needs showed that access to electricity was a key issue, leading to a general lack of economic opportunities. The challenge was twofold: in Kenya and Tanzania the priority was the need of household electricity, in Peru the need of reliable and clean energy for business.
Moreover, in order to make solar electrification sustainable, it is important to empower, as much as possible, the communities to manage it. Without the communitys skills, technology risks to be useless; without local maintenance, a trivial malfunction risks to cause the end of the system. Empowering the community also means for EGP empowering women: those who maintain and repair small solar systems are women who have been trained for it in the Barefoot College.