APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
The commitment will approach environmental pollution, in particular the solid waste problem, in Egypt, including garbage collection, transferring, recycling and landfilling. Working in close collaboration, the objectives of the EISWRC and the A.P.E. will be as follows: 1) Design and implement a proper collection and transferring system, based on separation of garbage at source; and 2) Design and implement the recycling technologies for all garbage components through the establishment of a transfer station at which recycling processes will take place.
This commitment will tackle the garbage problem by working with all community stakeholders, in particular garbage collectors, citizens, and governmental authorities. Project organizers have recently obtained all the proper authorizations from the Government of Egypt to proceed with this project. The main approaches for dealing with solid waste are: setting up an at-source garbage separation program with 'wet and dry' differentiation; proper garbage collection and transportation programs; and implementing reuse and resell and total recycling of the residential, commercial and agricultural garbage, therefore preventing garbage dumping and leading to zero waste.
In order to ensure proper implementation of this commitment, the project also includes three supporting programs for the community, garbage collectors and recycling workers:
Environmental awareness programs starting with the citizens in Haram City which includes environmental seminars, home visits, green corner and at-source separation competitions.
Training about 60 garbage collectors, through seminars and field training, from those who are working in the company but currently lack the required skills to collect the separated garbage and to apply the proposed collection system.
Training about 60 garbage recycling workers in the process of recycling technology for all garbage components.
IMPLEMENTATION, TIMELINE, AND DELIVERABLES
The commitment will be conducted over a two-year period, and start by upgrading the waste management system that already exists by establishing a Solid Waste Management Center which would encompass three main units: 1) a garbage collection and transportation unit; 2) a garbage sorting unit; and 3) a recycling unit. The three units will perform the following activities and functions:
The garbage collection and transportation unit will start in the first year and include:
Separation at the Source (organic and non organic approaches).
Setting up and implementing a proposed collection and transportation programs that is based on a proper approach to transferring separated garbage; a door-to-door collection service; and use of appropriate covered trucks to prevent contamination.
A training program and awareness campaign to apply garbage source separation to all Haram City citizens, shops, cafes, restaurants, schools, and clinics.
The sorting unit will start in the first year, and will apply further sorting processes by using semi-automatic conveyor to obtain all garbage components that will be ready for recycling processes.
The recycling unit will start six months from the beginning of the project, and will establish recycling Sub-Units to implement different recycling techniques as follows:
Organic waste and agricultural waste Sub-Unit, which uses the composting technique;
Plastic recycling Sub-Unit, which uses different techniques for plastic recycling, including recycling of rejected plastic through the 'Silica Plast' technique;
Pressing Sub-Unit, which includes several sub-units that use techniques for Paper and Carton pressing, metal pressing, textile pressing, as well as glass crushing;
Other Recycling techniques, such as Tetra Pack recycling and glass recycling.
The Center will be running in two phases. The first phase includes applying at-source garbage separation in all the Haram City areas, including upgrading of garbage collection, transportation and sorting programs (in which the trainees 'garbage collectors' will be divided into three groups each group consists of 20 garbage collectors and the course for each group will last for three months) according to Solid Zero Waste approach; and providing the new plastic recycling and pressing techniques. The second phase includes enlarging the facilities and the activities of the Center by the establishment of the composting plant; the tetra pack recycling unit; the rejected plastic recycling unit, and the glass recycling unit. The training period for the selected worker will last for 6 weeks for each unit followed by joining the trainees to the work team and continued support for them. The curriculum design and course running are APE and Haram City experts' responsibility (the experts have more than 15 years experience in that field). The environmental programs for citizens will be provided over the two years of the project.
A separate unit will be established to monitor the project's activities and outcomes. The unit will be composed of members of A.P.E., EISWRC, local community leaders and concerned stakeholders at large. The monitoring process will be based on field observation; documenting the cleanliness level of the concerned areas; and recording and comparing the production rates for different recycling processes.
Waste recycling in Egypt is a necessity in view of the rapid increase in population and the negative impact on the environment and health hazards. It is also desirable as a source of income generation and job creation, particularly for the youth within the garbage collectors community in low income areas around Cairo. Currently, the Egyptian market lacks the knowhow of proper zero waste recycling. Therefore, this joint EISWRC and A.P.E. project will help pioneer a new approach in that field, and develop supportive technology and management systems to deliver it. The success of the project would open up possibilities to replicate it at a larger scale across other areas in Egypt.
A.P.E. introduced its Solid Zero Waste Approach more than ten years ago in El Gouna resort in the Red Sea Governorate, Hurghada, Egypt. A.P.E. was extremely successful with the approach and achieved zero solid waste with no land fill. However the application of this approach will be more challenging in low income areas, where the cleanliness level is very low and environmental consciousness practically absent. The new initiative will be run by the private sector and will involve applying the Solid Zero Waste approach and transferring the supporting technologies to El Haram City, a low income residential area near Cairo, Egypt. This initiative will demonstrate that a proper partnership between an NGO, the private business sector and the community, along with support from government authorities, can make it possible to take on a challenging problem and to tackle one of the most serious problems in Egypt.