World Hope International (WHI) commits to prepare five Fresh Water Production Teams (FWPTs), made up of 80 trained individuals, for deployment to the Caribbean region to provide clean water in the event of a natural disaster.
Each Fresh Water Production team will be equipped with the manpower, skills, and equipment to deploy within 24 hours of a when disaster strikes and stay for two weeks at a time, setting up and managing water filtration and distribution systems of up to 1,362 liters of fresh water per day. Up to five teams may be deployed simultaneously, with remaining teams providing relief, ensuring immediate and sustained access to clean water post-disaster for more than 900 individuals.
WHI commits to assemble and train emergency Fresh Water Production Teams on desalinating water using one of five Katadyn Spectra desalination units. The units will be staged in WHI’s HQ office in Alexandria, VA between deployments. Partner Katadyn, has supported a wilderness and water filter camping experience for Fresh Water Production Team volunteers to help prepare them for set up and use of the equipment they will be using in the field. Each volunteer will purchase and bring their own self-provisioning bag, equipped with all essentials they will need for their trip.
During a disaster, WHI will work with local churches to secure sites to provide access to water for those who need it most and will partner with the Partnership 4 Humanity Collaborative, including, Airlink, and Yacht Aid Global, to facilitate air/sea transport of volunteers to production sites. Once on the ground, WHI will provide all logistics including interfacing with all regional, national, military, and local disaster emergency personnel and delivery of all primary and ancillary water production equipment.
Deployments of FWPTs will follow a standard deployment manual and will work in coordination with CDEMA under an anticipatory Memorandum of Understanding.
Quarter 1 (August-Sept 2018): WHI trains 80 Fresh Water Production Team volunteers; Fresh Water Production Team volunteers purchase self-provisioning bags; 80 FWPT volunteers in place and ready to deploy.
Quarter 2 (Oct-Dec 2018): FWPT volunteers gain field experience responding to global disasters; WHI strengthens relationship with CDEMA through ongoing communication and updates on disaster response work around the globe.
Quarter 3 (Jan -March 2019): FWPT volunteers continue to gain field experience responding to global disasters; Official FWPT Guiding Deployment document drafted and supplied to all FWPT volunteers.
Quarter 4 (April-May 2019): Refresher training for FWPT volunteers; MOU signed with CDEMA for deployment of five teams to the Caribbean region simultaneously to supply clean water in the event of a natural disaster
Access to clean water is essential to an effective response during and immediately following a natural disaster. Adequate clean water supply is critical to meeting basic food and hydration needs, preventing the propagation of disease, maintaining basic hygiene and sanitation, treating the injured, and supporting emergency response crews. While the World Health Organisation recommends a daily minimum of 7.5 liters of clean water per person to meet baseline requirements under most conditions, in emergency situations this need doubles to 15 minimum liters per day to meet an individual’s standard basic needs, including drinking, eating, cooking, and hygiene necessities. (The Sphere Handbook 2011) Situation Reports from the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) show water as a critical supply need in both the immediate and ongoing days following Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017. In the face of logistical challenges such as power outages and limited transportation routes, ensuring quick and effective access to sufficient potable water during the immediate and subsequent stabilization phases of an emergency is imperative.
The household-based approaches to water treatment commonly deployed in development and more medium-to-long term settings have been shown to be less effective in emergency settings, where matters of quantity take precedent over quality. (WHO, 2005) Beyond the mere provision of clean water, it is essential that water made available in the immediate aftermath of an emergency is of adequate supply, already clean, potable, and ready for consumption.
Amidst the unpredictability of natural events, the first 48 hours of an emergency can be some of the most foreboding. Amongst other challenges, getting teams quickly into place without causing additional strain on an already limited resource supply is of key importance to an efficient and functional response.
WHI seeks engagement with CGI network partners and marketing of this solution to those who may need fresh water services. WHI also seeks to engage potential donors interested in supporting WHI’s wider range of emergency response and clean water services.
WHI can work with partners after a disaster to provide access to clean water through the deployment of Fresh Water Production Teams and equipment. WHI can desalinate and clean-up to 6,840L of clean, fresh water per day to support any comprehensive water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) packages in the immediate days following a disaster across the Caribbean region.